Research and Publications

Research and guidance on digital violence against women (DVAW) and at-risk populations, including psychosocial impacts, across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).



Digital Violence Against Women in Libya from the Point of View of Women Leaders

Women can be especially vulnerable when they represent a threat to the prevailing gender-power balance. This study explores digital violence against women — its severity, impacts and solutions — through in-depth interviews with 12 Libyan women leaders who faced digital harms themselves.

Digital Violence Against Women in Iraq

This study examines the experiences of 117 women from diverse governorates and confirms that women in Iraq are universally vulnerable to digital violence. This form of violence is not limited to women who advocate for and defend women’s rights, but also extends to those in socially acceptable professions.

Digital Violence Against Women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Based on 140 surveys of Saudi women, complemented by in-depth interviews, this study explores the dimensions, prevalence, responses, consequences, support mechanisms, and potential solutions for digital violence against women in Saudi Arabia.

Digital Violence Against Women in Historical Palestine

This study examines the nature and consequences of digital violence against Palestinian women, focussing on the interplay between violence and social/cultural factors in a complex colonial context. It aims to identify factors that make women more vulnerable, given the multiple political authorities and fragmentation of the Palestinian presence.

Sudanese Women, Digital Revolution and Backlash

Based on surveys of 83 Sudanese women and interviews with 10 experts, this study explores local forms, drivers and impacts of DVAW—including special threats faced by female activists and journalists since the 2019 revolution.

An Exploration of Digital Violence Against Women in Lebanon

Through surveys, interviews and empirical mapping of digital data, this study explores the nature, frequency, circumstances, and reactions to violence that Lebanese women are facing online because of their gender.

A Study on Digital Violence Against Women in Egypt

Based on new survey data on Egyptian women, along with seven expert interviews, the researchers explore the forms, magnitude and psychosocial impacts of digital violence against women in Egypt—and offer possible solutions and next steps.

Digital Violence Against Yemeni Women Leaders: a Field Study

Exacerbated by war in Yemen, digital violence against women has led many activists to refrain from participating effectively online. This field study surveys a purposive sample of 41 women from five Yemeni governorates.

Cyber-Victimization of Women in Bahrain: Psychosocial Impacts

This research report explores psychosocial factors involved in reporting cybercrimes and the lasting impacts of victimization among Bahraini women.

Morocco: Guide to Digital Safety in Distance Learning

Based on research on digital harms in distance learning, this guide offers solutions to raise awareness among students to help reduce technical, psychological and legal risks that they face. (Arabic only.)

Digital Violence in Kuwait: Unpacking Women’s Experiences

This report documents women’s experience of digital violence in Kuwait, highlighting psychosocial impacts on victims and gendered power dynamics that shape the experience.

Psychosocial Support for Women Survivors of Cyberviolence

With a focus on the MENA region, this manual guides service providers, project managers and frontline workers on issues related to digital and technology violence, with a focus on establishing systems to support victims and providing support services remotely.