In the present era, characterized by the proliferation of the digital environment and society, a range of phenomena have arisen, including instances of digital violence. Although men are not immune to such violence, research and studies have revealed that women are disproportionately affected, facing greater levels of harassment. This takes various forms, such as threats, blackmail, and reputation defamation, simply due to their gender. Across numerous countries, including Iraq, women are targeted with hate speech, particularly women activists in the public sphere and human rights defenders/women in particular. This phenomenon is sometimes attributed to cultural and social customs prevalent in society.