Research and Publications

Digital Violence Against Women in Iraq

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This study examines the experiences of 117 women from diverse governorates and confirms that women in Iraq are universally vulnerable to digital violence. This form of violence is not limited to women who advocate for and defend women’s rights, but also extends to those in socially acceptable professions.

Women believe that they are targeted primarily because of their gender, with other intersections such as being a politician, an election candidate, a human rights activist, or a journalist. Moreover, many displaced women experience digital violence due to the publication of their personal and professional data on their digital accounts, particularly data related to their place of origin. This often leads them to conceal their place of origin or current location. In addition, these women face discrimination when reporting their exposure to violence. This is due to the belief of women who have experienced abuse that filing complaints about digital violence, regardless of its severity, exposes them to threats and danger due to societal culture. As a result, many girls avoid reporting their experiences of digital violence, taking into account the lack of legislation and legal procedures that are supposed to address this issue. The occurrence of violence transitioning between the digital and physical realms is also observable in Iraq, as exemplified by instances of daughters being murdered by their families, as well as situations involving blackmail and threats between spouses.